UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGY MARA
ACADEMY OF LANGUAGE STUDIES
FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES
ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES
(PUBLIC SPEAKING/ ORAL PRESENTATIONS)
Lecturer: Associate Professor Dr. Othman Ismail
Lesson 6 :
7th. Jun 2008 (Saturday)
Presentation of Speeches
Formative and Summative Evaluations
· Review of Lessons Learned
- Elements of Speech Communication
- Avoiding Stage Fright and Nervousness
- Selecting a Topic, stating a Specific Purpose Statement and clarifying the Central IdeaCommon Mistakes Done in Oral Presentations:
Observations, Comments and Feedbacks
- Choose to talk on a topic you know most
- Use note cards (3x4) - outline your most important points to talk about
- Develop eye contact with the audience
- Avoid reading from your notes
- Avoid the use of non-vocalized pauses. Eg: ahhh..., emm ..., aaaa...
- Be careful with non-verbal gestures. The use of our hands and the way we stand.
- Avoid long pauses in between ideas.
- Take your time to deliver the speech. Don't rush, yet, don't go to slow.
- Keep to the time given
- Plan what to say, Organize what to say and Practise your speech out loud
- DO NOT show your nervousness.
- DON'T tell them what they do not need to know - eg: Your are not ready, you don't know, etc.
- Observe your SWOT from your personal video clips of your Public Speaking series; and, try to overcome them.
- PREPARE, PREPARE, PREPARE !!!
- Work on the language aspects:
- Sentence Structure: Subject-Verb Agreement
- Tenses - time aspects: Present, Past & Future
- Vocabulary - build you vocabulary power - 1 new word a day! Learn and use it in your everyday conversation
- Pronunciation & Intonation
- Differentiate between short and long vowels
- Produce the ending consonant sound of your words, especially those words that end with p, t, k ,p, d, g
- Curl your tongue on your 'r'
- Produce your 'th' sounds -- 'mother' and 'forth'
- Produce your 'f' and 'v' sounds correctly-- 'river' and 'flower'
LANGUAGE is a hands-on SKILL that becomes POWERFUL as you begin to use it everyday in your daily routine.
LANGUAGE needs constant PRACTICE and APPLICATION.
LANGUAGE is NOT a subject you learn and hope to theoritically master it ..... !!!
REINFORCEMENT & PRACTICES
FINAL 10-minute Speech (ACTIVITY 5d & 6)
Each participant is required to prepare an 8 to 10 minutes speech. The speech can be an informative, a persuasive, an argumentative or any type prefered by the participant. The flow of the speech should include the three main parts - Introduction, Body and Conclusion.Introduction:Begin with a short prayer citation or any regular greeting remarks to address the floor accordingly . Greet the chairperson, the VIPs and the audience. Introduce your TOPIC and include also a SPECIFIC PURPOSE STATEMENT.Body:Plan to talk on a topic that you know best. Decide on talking about 2 to 3 points only. For each point you choose to talk about, provide also 2 to 3 supporting details or 2 to 3 examples to clarify or explain the point.Make use of some idiomatic expressions and/or phrasal verbs where possible.Conclusion:Conclude your speech by reminding the audience of the main idea of your speech. In addition, you may want to repeat only the 2 to 3 main points that you have talked about in the body of your speech. Exit your speech with a punch line where possible. Again, you may want to mak euse of some idiomatic expressions and/or phrasal verbs.