UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGY MARA
ACADEMY OF LANGUAGE STUDIES
FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES
ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES
(PUBLIC SPEAKING/ ORAL PRESENTATIONS)
Lecturer: Associate Professor Dr. Othman Ismail
Lesson 4 :
23rd. May 2008 (Saturday)
· Differences between Hearing and Listening
· Types of Listening
Listening (Chapter 3: Lucas, 2007)
- Hearing versus Listening
- Types of listening - appreciative, empathic, comprehensive, critical
- Causes of POOR listening
- not concentrating
- listening too hard
- jumping to conclusion
- focusing on delivery and personal appearance
Specific Purpose Statement (Chapter 4: Lucas, 2007)
- A single infinitive phrase that states precisely what a speaker hopes to accomplish in his or her speech.
Guidelines for the Specific Purpose Statement
- Write as a full infinitive phrase
- Express as a statement, not as a question
- Avoid figurative language
- Limit to one distinct idea
- Avoid being too vague or general
Questions to Ask About Your Specific Purpose
- Does my purpose meet the assignment?
- Can I accomplish my purpose in the time allotted?
- Is the purpose relevant to my audience?
- Is the purpose too trivial for my audience?
- Is the purpose too technical for my audience?
REINFORCEMENT & PRACTICES
• Each participant is required to prepare a promptu introductory speech. The objective of this introductory speech is to formally greet the chairperson, the VIPs and the audience. Introduce also your TOPIC in a form of a SPECIFIC PURPOSE STATEMENT. Begin with a short prayer citation or any regular greeting remarks to address the floor accordingly . Make use of PRESENT tenses as much as possible and try to produce proper pronunciation of words. Write out an outline of your Introductory Speech and deliver your speech as formal as you can be. (1 to 2 minutes each)
• In week two (2) each participant was required to prepare an argumentative speech arguing on one of his or her friend's "Show & Tell" oral presentation. The objective of this speech is to express one's opinions or ideas that are opposite than that of his or her colleague. Make use of PAST tenses as much as possible and try to produce proper pronunciation of words. Write out an outline of your Argumentative Speech and deliver your speech as formal as you can be. (1 to 2 minutes each)
This page is maintained by Associate Prof. Dr. Othman Ismail : Since April 2008