UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGY MARA
ACADEMY OF LANGUAGE STUDIES
FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES
ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES
(PUBLIC SPEAKING/ ORAL PRESENTATIONS)
Lecturer: Associate Professor Dr. Othman Ismail
Lesson 3 :
3rd. May 2008 (Saturday)
Introduction to Public Speaking
Basic Principles of Speech Communication
· Stage Frights
· Ethics and Public Speaking
· Differences between Hearing and Listening
· Types of Listening
Basic Principles of Speech Communication (continue...) (Lucas, 2007)
Stage Fright and Nervousness (Lucas, 2007)
- Anxiety is NORMAL
- Extra adrenaline produced ...
- Ways to reduce stage fright
- participate in speaking activities
- always prepare
- positive thinking
- power of visualization
- don't know if you don't tell !!!
- don't expect perfection
Ethics and Public Speaking (Lucas, 2007)
- Issues of right and wrong in human affairs
- what action(s) to take against a set of standards and guidelines...
- Guidelines for ethical speaking
- goal - is it ethically sound?
- honesty - how honest are you in delivering your content?
- name-calling -- Is is worth name calling or labelling?
- plagiarism - is the content of your speech authentically yours?
Listening (Lucas, 2007)
- Hearing versus Listening
- Types of listening - appreciative, empathic, comprehensive, critical .
- Causes of POOR listening
- not concentrating
- listening too hard
- jumping to conclusion
- focusing on delivery and personal appearance
• Each participant is required to prepare a promptu introductory speech. The objective of this introductory speech is to formally greet the chairperson, the VIPs and the audience. Begin with a short prayer citation or any regular greeting remarks to address the floor accordingly . Make use of PRESENT tenses as much as possible and try to produce proper pronunciation of words. Write out an outline of your Introductory Speech and deliver your speech as formal as you can be. (1 to 2 minutes each)
• In week two (2) each participant was required to prepare an argumentative speech arguing on one of his or her friend's "Show & Tell" oral presentation. The objective of this speech is to express one's opinions or ideas that are opposite than that of his or her colleague. Make use of PAST tenses as much as possible and try to produce proper pronunciation of words. Write out an outline of your Argumentative Speech and deliver your speech as formal as you can be. (1 to 2 minutes each)
This page is maintained by Associate Prof. Dr. Othman Ismail : Since April 2008